Every nation carefully keeps in its memory the reminiscence of
its history immortalizing them in stone and metal. That is why the modest memorial boards
and majestic monuments, created both by our contemporaries and artists of the past, have
the great power of the emotional influence, sharpen the natural feeling of love to the
Many beautiful monuments were created in our city. One can feel bitterness today, that not
all of them have been preserved. The nations that carefully keep everything to have been
bequeathed by the ancestors, century by century multiply their spiritual wealth. The
culture based on the sober and objective analysis of the positive and negative historic
experience becomes stronger. In Berlin, the monument to the Russian Soldier is not far
from the Bismarck's monument, in the same side of the street.
And this is just, as monuments are the witnesses of history and whatever our history is,
irrespective of our present day attitude to it, nobody has the right to deprive the future
generations the possibility to get acquainted with these silent witnesses. And we often
create, demolish, remove, restore… As though the past would be changed if a page was
torn from the book of history. If a new generation destroys and create the new
instead of the destroyed, we will never save anything.
There is some information here accessible to the authors about the existing and destroyed
Kishinev monuments that does not pretend to be complete. We will gratefully accept any
information, corrections and amendments concerning the monuments and their history,
enabling us to enlarge this page.
The Monument to the Moldovan gospodar Stephen the Great
By the main entrance to Stephen
the Great Park there is a monument to the Moldovan gospodar.
The monument is made of bronze; it was projected by well-known
sculptor Alexander Plamadeala. The monument was opened in 1928.
Stephen the Great is depicted in the crown in the rich dress
of the Moldovan gospodar. He seems to be slowly, proudly stepping
towards the enemy, having raised a cross high and clenching
the powerful sword by his right hand. Stephen's face is severe
and sad as if he predicted the calamity for his own country.
The material for the base is the stone from the Kosoutskii sand-pit.
The Alley of Classical Authors
The Moldovan literature classics'
alley was opened in March 1957 in the park named after A.
S. Pushkin (presently, the park of Stephen the Great). The busts
of the writers and social figures were put on the bases of red
polished granite. The alley became the favourite place of rest
of Kishinev inhabitants and guests of our capital.
Monuments to Mihai Eminescu
(1850 - 1889)
The classic of Moldovan literature, one of
the largest late representatives of the late European romanticism.
His poems, being full the gnawing melancholy for the
might-have-been happiness, conquer one generation after another.
Eminescu is an idol of the poetry lovers of all ages. His poems
are very musical; the romances have been written to many of
them. The first monument was erected in
Stephen the Great Boulevard adjacent to the building of the
National Theatre of Drama. Tudor Cataraga is the monument author.
The second monument
was initially erected by the Alley of Classical Authors, then
transferred to the House of Writers.
The Monument to Ion and Doina Aldea-Teodorovici
The monument is mounted in memory of Ion and Aldea-Teodorovici, a
composer, poet, singer and his beautiful wife - Doina - who was a singer too. They were
wonderful couple revered and loved by everybody. The monument was mounted in 1998 by the
main building of the University, in the favourite place of the city residents' rest - near
the big staircase leading to artificial lake Valea Morilor (former Komsomol Lake). The
monument author is Yury Kanashin.
The Monument to A.S. Pushkin.
In 1885, for the money collected by Kishinev
inhabitants according to the list (1 000 golden roubles) the
monument to A.S. Pushkin
was mounted by sculptor A. Opekushin. Kishinev became the second
city after Moscow, where the monument to the great poet was
The Memorial of Victory
is constructed in honour of warriors perished in the fights
for the liberation of Moldova and its capital Kishinev from
the German invaders in the years of World War II (1941-1945).
The grand opening took place on 9 May 1975.
The monument to those perished in the years of Transdniestrian War in 1992
It is mounted in the territory of the Memorial of Victory
Monument to the victums of the Jewry Genocide
was set up in 1992. The authors are sculptor N. Apelbaum, architect
S. Shoikhet. It is situated between A.S. Pushkin Street and
The Bust of Composer Stephen Neaga
The bust was erected before the republican School of Music and
Choreography in 1964, and later it was transferred to Khristo Botev Street. The monument,
2 metres high, is made of the block of red granite. The authors are sculptor L.
Dubovitsky, architect F. Naumov.
The Bust of Prominent Historian Nicolae Iorga (1871 - 1940)
It was erected at the crossroad of N. Iorga and Bucharest Streets in
the Alley of Classical Authors in Stephen the Great Park on 31 August 1993. The sculptor
is M. Ekobich.
The monument to Metropolitan Petru Movila (1595 - 1646)
An outstanding individual in Moldovan, Russian, Ukrainian history,
founder of schools, Orthodoxial Church reformer, author and issuer of books. The monument
is located in Stephen the Great Boulevard, where it is intersected by Movila Street. The
monument author is Galina Dubrovina, who is defunct now.
The Stele with the High Relief
of Ion Creanga
Ion Creanga (1837 - 1889) is a classical author of Moldovan literature,
and progressive educational specialist. The stele with the I. Creanga alto-relievo
was mounted in 1982 on the block of the Kishinev Pedagogical Institute (now the
University). It was made by sculptor V. Kuznetsov, architect V. Kudinov.
The Bust of Composer G. Muzichesku
Gavriil Muzichesku (1847 - 1903) is a composer and a conductor. The State
Conservatory was named after him in 1959. The bust was erected in Alexander Mateevich
Street in front of the State Conservatory.
Monument to Maxim Gorky
Maxim Gorky is a Russian writer. His monument was mounted in 1972 in the
public garden in front of the "Moldova" hotel. The authors are sculptor L.
Dubinovsky and architect F. Naumov.
The Monument to Vasile Alexandri (1821 - 1890)
He is a classic of Moldovan literature, publicist
and folklore collector. He was the head of several progressive
journals and newspapers. He was one of the leaders of 1948 revolutionary
movement in Moldovan princedom. One of the first gatherers and
the first publisher of the Moldovan folklore. The
monument is mounted in front of the building of the National
Library. The monument author is Ion Zderciuc, 1997.
Monument to Onisifor
Ghibu è Octavian Ghibu
Onisifor Ghibu (1883 - 1972) - is a professor, Corresponding Member of
Romanian Academy, cultural worker, outstanding individual in the Roumanian social
life. He devoted many of his works to the history of the Romainan living in Bessarabia, on
the eastern bank of the river Prut, behind the river Dniester.
The monument is erected in Pushkin Street near the building of the National Museum of Fine
Arts. GH. ADOC 1998
The Bas-relief of A. Bernardazzi
Bernardazzi (1831-1907) was the first chief architect of
Kishinev (1856-1878). According to Bernardazzi projects more
than 30 buildings and houses were built, where he used the assumptions
and details of the Italian, Byzantine and Russian architecture.
On the house, where he lived, and on the Chapel of the Female
Gimnasia were placed the memorial boards with his bas-relief.
Memorial Board to Anry Barbus
Anry Barbus (1873 - 1935) is a French writer and social figure. He came
to Kishinev in November 1925 in the head of the delegation of the Western Europe
democratic community. On the house, where the writer lived (148, Stephen the Great
Boulevard), in 1979 the memorial board with the bas-relief was set up. The sculptor is B.
Apelbaum-Marchenko, the architect is S. Shoikhet.
The Monument to K. Marks and F. Engels
It was mounted in 1976 near the present building of the
Parliament of the Republic of Moldova. The polished pedestal
is made of the red granite, the figures of K. Marks and F. Engels
- of hammered copper. The monument authors - sculptor L. Dubinovsky,
architect A. Cherdantsev. This was a unique monument made by
beating. Firstly, the life-size model was made of a very firm
material, babbit, that was wrapped with the sheets of the forged
copper and beaten with the massive circle metallic rods until
the sheets repeated the model shape. But even this hardening
did not help the monument to bear the pressure of crowd that
ruined it at the times of increase of the nationalistic moods.
The local television showed the moment when the vandals were
beating the monument heads with hammers. The monument was dismantled
on 25 August 1991 in accordance with the decision of the Parliament
Presidium of the Republic of Moldova
The Monument to
sculptural composition to the warriors of the Soviet Army,
who liberated Moldova from fascist invaders was mounted in the
Square of Freedom in 1969 in accordance with the project of
sculptures L. Dubinovskii, N. Apelbaum and architects I. Gritsenko,
A. Kolotovkin, A. Minaev, F. Naumov.
The Monument to G.I. Kotovsky
to G.I. Kotovsky was mounted in 1954. The monument authors
are sculptor L. Dubinovsky with the group of his colleagues,
architect F. Naumov.
The Stele with Khristo Botev's High Relief
Khristo Botev is a Bulgarian revolutionist, poet, and publisher. The
street in Botanica was named after him; in this street, by house number 2 there is a stele
with the high relief set up in 1977. The sculptor is V. Kuznetsov, the architect is G.
Solomin. There is an inscription in Bulgarian on the stele: «That one, who perished in
the fight for the sake of freedom will never die. Khristo Botev»
The Monument to Heroes-Komsomolists
It was mounted in 1959 according to the initiative and at the expense
of the youth of the Republic in honour of the young patriots perished for the freedom of
Moldavia. It is situated in 13 Renasterii Boulevard. The authors of the monument are
sculptor F. Dubinovsky, architect F. Naumov.
The Monument to Sergey Lazo
S. Lazo is a hero of Civil War of 1917 in Russia. He is of boyar
origin. The monument was placed in S. Lazo's square on 28 December 1982. The bronze figure
is put on a high granite pedestal. The monument height is 7.5 metres. The authors are
sculptures B. Dugev, B. Dubrovin, E. Zibrov, architect E. Kutyrev. In 1991 the monument
was dismantled according to the decision of the Parliament of Moldova.
The Monument to V. I. Lenin
was mounted in the Central Square in front of the House of Government
on 11 October 1949. Nowadays it is the Square of the Great National
Meeting. It is made of red Ural granite. The authors are sculptor
S. Merculov, architect A. Shusev and V. Turchaninov. In
1991 the monument was dismantled in now it is located in the
territory of the Free Enterprise Zone - "Moldexpo".
The Monument to Fighters for the Soviet Power
The monument was mounted in 1966. It was opened on the eve of the 500-year anniversary of
Kishinev. The monument authors are sculptures A. Maiko, I. Ponyatovskii, L. Fitov. The
14-metre rectangular in its base pedestal made of dark-red granite is crowned with the
3-metre figure of a worker. It is located in front of the "Guadeamus" cinema.
The Monument to the Russian Emperor
The Monument to the Russian Emperor